Subproject 7 - Distributive Justice Processes Using Immersive Video Technologies

Start – 2018 | End – 2024 Duration – 6 years

The implementation of technological tools in the context of the conduct of hearings (e. g., video appearance) modifies the modes of interaction between judicial actors. It is therefore necessary to examine the progress being made in this area and to analyse the social, cultural and psychological effects of these transformations in order to determine whether they improve or worsen the sense of procedural fairness.

Research activities


The use of VCL in Dutch domestic court (with a particular attention on courtroom design, standardisation and methods used to ensure reliability) constitutes the first case study.

The second case study assesses the theme of distributed courtrooms (i.e. where more than one participant comes in by video link, and multiple screens are used). 

The working group will also analyse the virtual court pilot in the UK tax court and its significance for other administrative processes.

This Subproject aims to conduct a pilot test of a virtual court using a full virtual environment that will constitute the forth case study.

The last case study is a demonstration of a virtual court to potential users. This will permit to measure public responses to the implementation of potential virtual courts, and to gather constructive feedback on the matter.



This subproject's work will result in the creation of an index of media platforms or gateways developed by IT firms that appear to offer a platform for virtual court hearings.

The working group will also put together an inventory of virtual reality environments used by architects to model courts.

Last but not least, the third inventory will be a review of machine-learning, automated processes and proto-AI applications in allocating and scheduling cases, managing hearings, managing evidence and producing written decisions.


Best Practices Guide

The first guide will list the best practices for VCL and courtroom design with multi-channel communication.

The second guide will address virtual court hearings.



David tait

Fredric I. Lederer

Meredith rossner


Christian Licoppe






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This content has been updated on 18 February 2020 at 13 h 54 min.